Cannon, Walter Bradford

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 19 October 1871 Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, USA
d. 1 October 1945 Franklin, New Hampshire, USA
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American physiologist, pioneer of radiodiagnostic imaging with the use of radio-opaque media.
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Cannon graduated with an arts degree from Harvard University in 1896. He then became a medical student and carried out an investigation into stomach movements using the technique of radio-opaque meals, initially in a cat. He qualified in medicine from Harvard in 1900 and was soon appointed Assistant Professor of Physiology. In 1906 he succeeded to the Chair of Physiology, which he held for thirty-six years.
Apart from his early work, Cannon's demonstration of the humoral transmission of the nerve impulse was fundamental, as were his investigations, including researches on himself and his colleagues, into the relationship between emotion and the sympathetic-adrenal system.
During the First World War he served with both the British and American armies and was decorated.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
DSM (USA). CB (UK). Foreign member, Royal Society, 1939. Linacre Lecturer, Cambridge, 1930. Royal College of Physicians Baly Medal 1931.
Bibliography
1898, "The movements of the stomach studied by means of the Roentgen rays", Amer. J. Physiol.
1915, 1920, Bodily Changes in Pain, Fear, Hunger and Rage.
Further Reading
W.B.Cannon, 1945, The Way of an Investigator.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cannon, Walter Bradford — ▪ American neurologist born Oct. 19, 1871, Prairie du Chien, Wis., U.S. died Oct. 1, 1945, Franklin, N.H.       American neurologist and physiologist who was the first to use X rays in physiological studies. These led to his publication of The… …   Universalium

  • Cannon , Walter Bradford — (1871–1945) American physiologist Cannon, who was born in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, graduated from Harvard in 1896 and was professor of physiology there from 1906 to 1942. His early work included studies of the digestive system, in particular… …   Scientists

  • Walter Bradford Cannon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cannon. Walter Bradford Cannon (1871 1945) est un physiologiste américain. C est un des précurseur des rayons X, et il a entre autres développé le principe de fight or flight (en:fight or flight) à l origine de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter Bradford Cannon — Infobox Scientist name = Walter Bradford Cannon box width = image size =210px caption = Walter Bradford Cannon at Harvard. birth date = October 19, 1871 birth place = Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin death date = October 19, 1945 death place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Cannon — Walter Bradford Cannon Walter Bradford Cannon (1871 1945) est un physiologiste américain. C est un des précurseur des rayons X, et il a entre autres développé le principe de fight or flight (en:fight or flight) à l origine de celui de double… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CANNON (W. B.) — CANNON WALTER BRADFORD (1871 1945) L’un des plus grands physiologistes américains, dont le nom reste surtout attaché à la théorie de l’homéostasie. Né dans le Wisconsin à Prairie du Chien, Cannon entre à Harvard en 1896. Docteur en médecine en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bradford — /brad feuhrd/, n. 1. Gamaliel, 1863 1932, U.S. biographer and novelist. 2. Roark /rawrk, rohrk/, 1896 1948, U.S. novelist and short story writer. 3. William, 1590 1657, Pilgrim settler: second governor of Plymouth Colony 1621 56. 4. William, 1663 …   Universalium

  • Walter — /vahl teuhr/ for 1; /wawl teuhr/ for 2, 3, n. 1. Bruno /brooh noh/, (Bruno Schlesinger), 1876 1962, German opera and symphony conductor, in U.S. after 1939. 2. Thomas Ustick /yooh stik/, 1804 87, U.S. architect. 3. a male given name. * * * (as… …   Universalium

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  • Bradford Cannon — (December 2, 1907 ndash; December 20, 2005), the son of Dr. Walter Bradford Cannon, was a pioneer in the field of reconstructive surgery, specialising in burn victims. He was the first chief of plastic and reconstructive surgery at Massachusetts… …   Wikipedia

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